An important problem for Ukraine that needs immediate permission is providing of financial safety of the state.Without formation of terms of construction of financial safety it is practically impossible to untie none of problems that appeared today before the state : unevenness of development financial to the sector, critically subzero birth-rate and high death rate, falling of standard of living, decline of production volumes, unprofitableness of majority strategically important enterprises of country, high level of debt from payment of salary, pensions and social help, large enough unemployment rate and etc.
Financial safety of region depends on the state of financial safety of country.
Presently financial safety of Ukraine is under threat . In fact all component providing of financial safety are in the unsatisfactory state. Financial safety of region for today is a thorny and important problem the decision of that will give possibilities economically to develop and financially stabilized to the regions. Therefore providing of financial safety is a guarantee of independence of country, condition of stabilityand efficiency of vital functions of society, its achievement.
To development and research of financial safety such scientists-economists were engaged in : О. Baranovskiy, I.Vahovych, Z.Gerasymchuk, M. Kovalenko, G. Pasternak.
However financial safety of regions is investigated only partly, in fact most researches touch the problems of providing of financial safety at national level. Spared not enough attention by the question of creation in practice of effective mechanism of providing of financial safety of region that will connect in itself possibilities of local government, credit-financial and budgetary system bodies, interests of subjects of menage, population for guaranteeing of steady socio-economic development. Changes in the economy of country require permanent perfection of theoretical and methodological aspects of financial.
The aim of work is research of role of financial safety of region as a major constituent of economic security,suggestion in relation to the improvement of this indicator. The main constituent of economic security is financial safety. It is predeter-mined by that the financial-credit-system that is the object of financial safety at the evel of the state provides money the extended recreation - soil of economy of every country.
The main criterion of financial safety are financial independence of region and ability of the financial system of region to resist to external shocks and threats. Financial strength security is one of qualificatory criteria of degree of trust of investors and risk level at investing in the economy of the region. In turn firmness of the financial system of region is basic financial safety of region [1, p.28]. Financial safety of the region is the proof state of its security, there is no at that, warned or neutralized influence of destabilizing factors on providing of stability, efficiency and balanced of development of economy, social and ecological sphe-res [2,p. 14 ]. Difficulties of creation of the effective system of financial safety in Ukraine and separate region are first of all predefined by the necessity of si-multaneous development of difficult theoretical and decision of practical questions. At the level of region the row of unsolved problems and factors that is classified as threats prevents the achievement of proof financial safety. After the conclusions of specialists, it is threatened financial safety of regions legal unsolvedness of many questions, and also unfavorable economic factors of more objective character.
The necessary condition of providing of its efficiency is the system of realization, and thus, existence of control system by financial firmness both at the level of the state and at the level of region. It in turn will allow to promote responsibility of employers for the future of workers, to increase filling of local budgets due to a basic budgetcreative tax, that, in turn, will promote the level of the financial providing of the region.
That is why, the special role for regions is played by introduction of new mechanisms of management financial resources the aim of that are an increase of efficiency of the use of present and search of new sources of money for providing social-economic development. Realization of the indicated measures needs taking into account of factors, that can negatively influence on the level of stability of existent financial mutual relations between power, subjects of menage and popu-lation, state of their provision of necessary financial resources.
A considerable threat to financial safety of region is presented: "tynization" of economy and concealment of profits of the hired workers, increase of violations of financial discipline in a budgetary sphere, insufficient worked out of the accepted budgets, loss of budgets from violations in the field of privatizing of state and communal property, abuse and disturbing of administration of tax value-added, subzero investment attractiveness, unproductive coil of capitals abroad, "washing of dirty" money, unsettled of mutual relations of regions with central executive bodies, negative macroeconomic indexes etc.
Therefore, today questions remain actual in relation to providing of financial safety as one of basic elements of economic security of region, as in the conditions of decentralization a financial safe conduct creates necessary preconditions for a socio-economic increase.
List of the used literature :
1. Baranovskiy O.I. Financial safety in Ukraine ( methodology of estimation and mechanisms of providing) : monography / O.I. Baranovskiy. - К. : КNТЕU, 2004. - 759 p.
2. Methodical recommendations in relation to the estimation of economic strength of Ukraine/security the National institute of problems of international safety by А.I. Suhorukova. - К., 2003. - 64 p.