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:: ECONOMY :: THE STATE OF FINANCIAL SAFETY AT LEVEL OF REGIONS OF UKRAINE
 
   
       

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THE STATE OF FINANCIAL SAFETY AT LEVEL OF REGIONS OF UKRAINE

 
13.04.2017 17:03
Автор: Kravchuk R. S., candidate of economic sciences, Ivano-Frankivsk national technical university of oil and gas; Chuchuk Yu. V., candidate of economic sciences, Ivano-Frankivsk national technical university of oil and gas; Bakun B. M., student, Ivano-Frankivsk national technical university of oil and gas
[Секція 1. Економіка та підприємництво;]

An important problem for Ukraine that    needs   immediate   permission    is providing of financial safety of the state.Without formation of terms of construction  of financial safety it is practically impossible to untie none of problems that appeared  today before the state : unevenness of development financial to the sector,   critically subzero birth-rate and high death rate, falling of standard of  living, decline of production volumes, unprofitableness of majority strategically important    enterprises of country, high level of debt from payment of salary, pensions and social help, large enough unemployment rate and etc.

Financial safety of region depends on the state of financial safety of   country.

Presently financial safety of Ukraine is under threat . In fact all component   providing of financial safety are in the unsatisfactory state.  Financial  safety  of  region for today is a thorny and important problem the decision of that will give possibilities economically to develop and financially stabilized to the regions. Therefore  providing of financial safety is a guarantee of independence of country, condition of stabilityand efficiency of vital functions of society, its achievement.

To development and research of financial safety such scientists-economists were engaged in : О. Baranovskiy, I.Vahovych, Z.Gerasymchuk, M. Kovalenko,  G. Pasternak.

However financial safety of regions is investigated only partly, in fact most  researches touch the problems of providing of financial safety at   national level.  Spared not enough attention by the question of creation in practice   of  effective  mechanism of providing of financial safety     of   region  that will connect in   itself  possibilities of local  government,  credit-financial  and   budgetary   system  bodies, interests of subjects of menage,   population    for  guaranteeing of   steady  socio-economic development. Changes in the economy of country require permanent perfection of theoretical and methodological aspects of financial.

The aim of work is research of role of  financial  safety of region   as   a    major constituent of economic security,suggestion in relation to the improvement of this indicator. The main constituent of economic security is financial  safety. It is predeter-mined by that the financial-credit-system that is the object of financial  safety  at the  evel of the state provides money the extended recreation - soil of economy  of   every country.

The main criterion of financial safety are financial   independence   of   region and ability of the financial system   of    region to   resist    to   external shocks   and threats. Financial   strength security is  one  of  qualificatory  criteria   of   degree of trust of investors and risk level at investing in the  economy  of  the   region.  In turn  firmness of the financial system of region is basic financial safety of region [1, p.28].  Financial safety of the region is the proof state of its   security,  there  is    no  at  that,  warned or neutralized influence of  destabilizing  factors  on  providing  of  stability, efficiency and balanced of development of economy,  social  and  ecological   sphe-res [2,p. 14 ]. Difficulties of  creation  of  the  effective  system of  financial   safety  in Ukraine and separate region are first of all predefined by   the  necessity of     si-multaneous development of difficult theoretical and decision of practical questions.  At   the level of region the row of unsolved problems and factors that is classified as threats  prevents   the   achievement of proof financial safety. After the conclusions  of specialists, it is threatened financial safety of regions legal unsolvedness of many  questions, and also unfavorable economic factors of more objective character.

The necessary condition of providing of its efficiency is the system of realization, and thus, existence of control system by financial firmness both at the level  of the state and at the level of region. It in turn will allow to promote responsibility of employers for the future of workers, to increase filling of local budgets due to a basic budgetcreative tax, that, in turn, will promote the level of the financial providing  of the region.

That is why, the  special   role   for  regions is   played by introduction of new  mechanisms of management financial resources the aim of that are   an increase   of  efficiency of the use of present and search of  new   sources  of money for providing  social-economic development. Realization of the indicated  measures  needs   taking  into account of factors, that can negatively influence  on    the  level   of stability of existent financial mutual relations between power, subjects  of   menage  and popu-lation, state of their provision of necessary financial resources. 

A considerable threat to financial safety of  region   is    presented:   "tynization"  of economy and concealment of profits of the hired  workers,  increase  of violations of financial discipline in a budgetary sphere, insufficient worked out  of the accepted budgets, loss of  budgets from violations in the    field    of   privatizing of state and communal property, abuse and disturbing of administration of tax value-added, subzero  investment   attractiveness,    unproductive coil of  capitals   abroad, "washing of dirty" money,   unsettled   of mutual  relations  of  regions  with central executive bodies, negative macroeconomic indexes etc.

Therefore, today questions remain actual in   relation   to  providing of   financial safety  as one of  basic elements of economic security of   region, as   in     the  conditions of decentralization a financial safe   conduct  creates   necessary    preconditions for a socio-economic increase.

List of the used literature : 

1. Baranovskiy O.I. Financial safety  in  Ukraine  ( methodology     of     estimation  and   mechanisms   of providing) : monography / O.I. Baranovskiy. -  К. :  КNТЕU, 2004. - 759 p.

2. Methodical  recommendations   in    relation     to    the   estimation  of   economic  strength of Ukraine/security the National institute of problems of international safety by А.I. Suhorukova. - К., 2003. - 64 p.



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