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CLASSIFICATION OF RISKS OF ECONOMIC SAFETY OF GOVERNMENT PROGRAMS

 
13.11.2020 10:52
Автор: Rusanjuk V.V., the post-graduate student, National center of science Institute of agrarian economy, the city of Kiev
[Секція 1. Економіка та підприємництво;]

Classification of risks of economic safety of government programs with attraction of state-private partnership is based on risks of economic safety of the country and risks of economic safety of government programs of Ukraine. Risks of economic safety of government programs of Ukraine are classified by following criteria: 1) to realization spheres - investment and innovative, socially-demographic, ecological, life-support; 2) prevention possibilities (force-major, not force-major); 3) to the nature, an origin - primary, secondary (consequences and displays of primary risks after have been taken measures for decrease in primary risks); 4) to localization scales - at regional, municipal levels; 5) to the sizes of a potential damage - large, especially large; 6) remoteness of consequences in time - in the short-term, intermediate term, long-term periods.

Features of revealing of risks of government programs of subjects of Ukraine with attraction of state-private partnership are predetermined by organizational, legal, financial features of economic relations of public and private partners, which arise in the course of realization of the program (projects). The structure of risks of government programs of subjects of Ukraine with attraction of state-private partnership differs from structure of risks of government programs of subjects of Ukraine to a classification sign - to subjects of partnership.

Threats of economic safety in the course of realization of government programs of the subject of Ukraine with attraction of state-private partnership for the private partner concern: 1) reduction or the termination of budgetary financing of the project of state-private partnership; 2) absence of effective interdepartmental interaction between authorities of different levels with a view of realization of the project of state-private partnership within the limits of government programs of the subject of Ukraine; 3) falling of demand for object of the project of state-private partnership from the population if with use of object concrete services are rendered to the population; 4) errors by working out and the statement of general layouts, schemes of a heat supply, water supply, the water removals leading to overestimate of volumes of loading and, accordingly, of volumes of planned realization of the goods and services.

With a view of minimization of private risks it is represented expedient to apply following measures: 1) to give guarantees of observance of conditions of the concluded agreements at change of priorities of social and economic development at all levels of the power; 2) to appoint one responsible curator of the project of state-private partnership; the responsible curator should promote elimination of disagreements of the various ministries and departments; 3) actively to apply the mechanism of the minimum guaranteed income which protects the investor from risk of falling of incomes (gain decrease) from operation of object of the agreement.

The minimum guaranteed income - is applicable only to projects return of investments and profitableness of the investor in which are provided exclusively at the expense of gathering of a payment for object use (including rendering to consumers of services with its use). The obligation on payment is directed on risk indemnification of "an insufficient turn» object.

Thus, classification of risks of economic safety of realization of government programs of the subject of Ukraine with attraction of projects of state-private partnership on subjects of partnership has theoretical and practical value. Theoretical value - in addition of existing classifications and a fuller appreciation of threats and risks. Practical value - in simplification of managerial process by risks to subjects of partnership (working out of actions and measures on prevention of occurrence of risks, minimization of their negative consequences). It is necessary to conduct the list of specific risks for each party of partnership, which allows receiving the new registration-analytical operative information, raises validity of accepted administrative decisions, promotes strengthening of control in the course of realization of projects of state-private partnership. The state should minimize risks to the private partner and by that to provide its interest.



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